The cumbersome 291-page agreement was sent by a brief four-page letter to Michel Barnier, the EU`s chief Brexit negotiator, by David Frost, the Prime Minister`s EU adviser and chief negotiator. The second part of the draft treaty concerns the economy and trade. Title III establishes provisions on equal competition (LPF) and sustainability. The EU is working to meet legally binding commitments to meet high standards of state aid, competition, taxation, labour standards, environmental protection, climate change and sustainability. The partnership would include the continued implementation of EU rules (dynamic harmonisation) on state aid. In other areas, the parties agree not to fall below the standards in force at the end of the transition period (non-regression). In addition, the governing body would be able to amend the commitments to reflect changes in standards in most areas of the LPF. Commitments would be subject to robust enforcement mechanisms on national territory. The dispute resolution mechanisms in the agreement, which could be modified, would apply to all areas except competition and taxation. Britain insists that an agreement be reached to respect its regulatory autonomy and its status as an independent coastal state. “Overall, we find it difficult to see what makes the United Kingdom, unique to your trading partners, so unworthy that it is proposed to such pre-existing agreements, common in modern free trade agreements.

The issue of bringing legislation closer together is that the EU believes that the UK complies with EU rules (product safety, environmental protection, workers` rights, subsidies, etc.). The United Kingdom says it will not do so. [17] The withdrawal agreement recognises that in Britain the standards will be different from those of the EU in many respects (with the loss of trade privileges in these areas), with Northern Ireland enjoying special status to keep the Irish border open. The draft Treaty on the European Union, published on 18 March, implements the positions expressed in the EU negotiating directives in several areas and provides further clarification. Parts of the text, such as Title VI of the second part on services and investment, closely follow the EU-Japan text and other EU trade agreements. Detail in some parts is limited. Naomi Smith, CEO of the Best for Britain campaign, which previously campaigned against Brexit and is now calling for a close relationship between the two sides, said: “Without serious compromise, any trade deal signed will not be worth the paper on which it is written. Or is the hard attitude just an attempt to play hardball? However, the essential point of hardball strategies is that they are never as hard as they appear. Time is running out. Mr Barnier said there was a de facto deadline until 1 July for the conclusion of the text of an agreement. The bill was published with comments on September 9, 2020.

The following day, on Thursday 10 September 2020, the Vice-President of the EU-UK Joint Committee, EU Commissioner MaroĆ© Efsovic, at an extraordinary meeting in London, raised the EU`s concerns with Michael Gove and said that the adoption of the law “would constitute an extremely serious violation of the withdrawal agreement and international law”. [57] The EU has called for the law to be withdrawn before the end of September,[58] adding that “the European Union will not be reluctant” to use mechanisms and remedies to remedy violations of the legal obligations contained in the Brexit withdrawal agreement. [57] Gove stated that it had been “perfectly clear” that the United Kingdom would not withdraw the bill,[58] which commentators said could mean the end of trade negotiations. [59] In a speech to the HOUSE of Lords EU Committee on 5 May, The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Michael Gove said that the government would be prepared to abandon the objective of a “zero, zero quota” free trade agreement and accept certain tariffs if it meant not signing the terms of the