There are cases where certain types of agreements do not automatically fall within the scope of Article 101 of the TFUE. B: Given that Regulation 330/2010 of 20 April 2010, applicable to vertical agreements, expires on 31 May 2022, it is necessary to consider what to do from that date. The Commission has just published a 233-day assessment on the basis of which it will decide whether or not to do so (…) Vertical trade restrictions can be price-related, may take the form of liaison agreements and can be in the form of client and territory allocations. Vertical restrictions can also take the form of exclusive trade agreements. However, vertical agreements may present competitive risks if .B potential to increase barriers to entry, reduce or mitigate competition, and avoid other opportunities in the event of horizontal agreements.  In The type of Dr. Miles, the restrictions imposed by the company unduly restrict the freedom of choice of other drug distributors and retailers. As a result, the company was deprived of various benefits that it could have obtained by distributing the drugs without restriction. But academics and some judges argue that most vertical price restrictions do not restrict competition between competitors and that manufacturers retain the power to limit production and the power to raise prices. Vertical price restrictions are likely to help ensure economic efficiency and maximize consumer well-being. Some of the arguments mentioned in this section, such as .
B the need to provide good service for retail items, continue to be invoked in support of a basic rule. Compared to other vertical agreements, there is more flexibility. For example, the following types of agreements are not considered “pure” under the category exemption (they are called “non-hardcore”): the idea that platform assertiveness is detrimental to innovation is entirely speculative. Moreover, it is at odds with a series of studies that show that the opposite is likely. In reality, competition on platforms is more complex than simple theories of vertical discrimination (…) Whether a vertical agreement actually restricts competition and whether, in this case, cartels predominate often depends on the structure of the market.