· On April 28 and 29, 2014, President Barack Obama visited the Philippines to highlight the U.S. balance with Asia, reaffirm the enduring contractual alliance between our two countries, strengthen economic ties and deepen people exchanges. U.S.-Philippine relations are based on strong historical and cultural ties and a shared commitment to democracy and human rights. The 1951 Mutual Defence Agreement between the United States and the Philippines provides a solid foundation for our strong security partnership, which began during World War II. Close links between people and economic cooperation provide additional opportunities to engage on a number of bilateral, regional and global issues. The bilateral strategic dialogue between the United States and the Philippines is the annual forum for planning for the future across the full spectrum of our relationship. There are more than four million U.S. citizens of Filipino descent in the United States and more than 350,000 U.S. citizens in the Philippines, many of them U.S. veterans. An estimated 650,000 U.S. citizens visit the Philippines each year. Between the United States and the Philippines, there are many programs between people, including the world`s longest Fulbright program, the International Visitor Leadership Program and the Kenney-Lugar Youth Exchange and Study Program.

· To meet the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century, the Philippines and the United States have signed the Enhanced Defence Cooperation Agreement (EDCA). The agreement supports AFP`s modernization efforts and promotes interoperability between the Philippines and the United States and the armed forces. It will also contribute to the maintenance and development of maritime security of PHTs, maritime awareness and humanitarian and disaster relief. In February 2019, during a meeting with his counterparts in the Philippines, U.S. Secretary of State Pompeo reaffirmed the commitments made by the United States under the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty. “With the South China Sea part of the Pacific, any armed attack on armed forces, planes or public vessels will trigger reciprocal defence obligations,” Pompeo said in a speech. [42] The United States has assured that it will “support” the Philippines in the event of a confrontation between the Philippines and China in the South China Sea. [43] This was taken after years of U.S. reluctance to reaffirm commitments, leading many Philippine politicians to insist that the 68-year-old security pact between the Philippines and the United States be reviewed.