For the CPP, meanwhile, the Paris Accords have been subsumed into the party`s own founding myths, as evidenced by Hun Sen`s remarks on the occasion of the agreement`s anniversary. Hun Sen argued that Paris would never have happened without the meetings between him and Prince Norodom Sihanouk, which took place in France in 1987. He also pointed out (rightly) that the Paris Accords failed to end Cambodia`s civil war, which he attributed to his own government`s offensives and amnesties in the late 1990s – a policy that has since been canonized by CPP historiography as a “win-win policy.” After winning the 1968 presidential election, Richard Nixon became President of the United States in January 1969. He then replaced U.S. Ambassador Harriman with Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., who was later replaced by David Bruce. Also this year, the FLN set up a Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) to obtain government status during the talks. However, the main negotiations that led to the agreement did not take place at all at the peace conference, but were conducted during secret negotiations between Kissinger and Lê Đức Thọ, which began on August 4, 1969. The statement accused hun Sen`s government of the Cambodian People`s Party (CPP) of violating the terms of the Paris Agreement and the Cambodian Constitution, which it helped create by allowing the Chinese military to operate from Cambodian soil. In July 2019, the Wall Street Journal claimed that the two countries had signed a secret agreement granting China access to the Ream naval base in the Gulf of Thailand.

Similar suspicions exist with a significant tourism development supported by China higher up the coast. The Cambodian government has vigorously denied these reports. On January 15, 1973, President Nixon announced the suspension of offensive action against North Vietnam. Kissinger and Thọ met again on 23 January and signed a treaty essentially identical to the draft three months earlier. The agreement was signed by the heads of official delegations on January 27, 1973 at the Majestic Hotel in Paris, France. “If there were no win-win policy that I formulate, publish and lead with the participation of [all] stakeholders and the Cambodian people, there would be no peace as it is now,” Hun Sen said. Just as Hun Sen was making his remarks, protests outside the US and Chinese embassies in Phnom Penh to mark the anniversary were violently dispersed. The treaty paved the way for the UN Transition Agency in Cambodia (UNTAC), a peacekeeping mission that essentially ruled the country in 1992-93, during which time it was tasked with disarming factions, returning refugees to their homes and holding free elections. The agreement reflected the zeit course of the day – a period of dizzying liberal optimism that accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union – and also promised to transform a poor and conflicting nation into a liberal democracy in which human rights would be respected and defended. North Vietnam insisted for three years that the deal could not be reached unless the United States agreed to remove South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu from power and replace him with someone more acceptable to Hanoi. .